Working with heroin, crack/cocaine and methamphetamine addicts and alcoholics, both men and women, 77% of the people who received Neurofeedback were abstinent at 12 months, compared to 44% for the control.
Success was determined by length of time in treatment as well as by abstinence one year after termination of treatment. Time in treatment is one of the best predictors of remaining abstinent. Length of stay in treatment averaged 138 days for the Neurofeedback group and 101 days for the others.
In addition, the Neurofeedback also improved attentional, cognitive and psychosocial functioning, including reductions in impulsivity. The Neurofeedback group showed significant improvement in depression, alienation, defensiveness and distress, all vital factors in recovery.
The therapists reported that they noticed experimental subjects appearing more cooperative and more attentive as the Neurofeedback progressed.
–The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 2005